Monday, May 10, 2010

Facts about water pollution

Water pollution is broad term that includes contamination of different water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater.

Water pollution is caused by pollutants, mostly in form of different chemicals that are discharged either directly or indirectly into the water bodies without the adequate treatment to remove their harmful effects.

Water pollution is not only huge ecological problem but also huge health problem. It is believed that water pollution is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases responsible for around 15,000 deaths each day.

Water pollution is especially serious issue in two fast growing economies, China and India. Some latest reports suggest that more than 500 million Chinese lack access to safe drinking water while in India 700 million people have no access to proper toilet.

The two main causes of water pollution are waste water and sewage waste. Each year the world generates around 400 billion tons of industrial waste, and lot of this waste gets discharged into different water bodies causing serious water pollution problem.

To determine the level of water pollution science usually takes samples that are afterwards analyzed by different chemical, biological and physical testing.

Several studies have confirmed the link between the water pollution and high miscarriage rates. Water pollution is also connected with the lower IQ rates among affected population.

Diarrhea, caused by water pollution, is worldwide responsible for 1,5 million deaths of children each year.

Recent studies have showed that close to one billion people lack access to safe drinking water while more than 2,5 billion people live without adequate sanitation systems.

Water pollution is one of the main reasons why freshwater resources are constantly in decline (despite being renewable resource), and since only 3% of water on our planet is freshwater world could experience global water shortage much sooner than expected.

13 comments:

  1. i find that if we all work together we can help stop this problem for many people around the world, but some people sadly don't care

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  2. Great information to stop water pollution!!!

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  3. help stop pollution it will save us all.

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  4. Thank you! Great Information!

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  5. Well, this information was very helpful. Thanks alot.

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  6. This information is helping me in my project nicely. Thanks.

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  7. if we try we can stop pollution together.....

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  8. I hope, effort would be intensified to stem the tide of water pollution, otherwise another global melt down called water bankruptcy which is more deadly than economics melt down may strike soon

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  9. We must try our best and work together to reduce water pollution.

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  10. if we stop ocean pollution we will live happier

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